Hi, I’m Rita Sousa

I am interested in energy economics, environmental economics and climate change issues.

I hold a Ph.D. in Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies, with specialization in carbon mechanisms, an MsC in Economics and Policies of Energy and the Environment and a degree in Economics.

I work on carbon pricing mechanisms, on energy and low-carbon development scenarios at the national and local levels, and on modeling the linkage of renewable power systems. Currently, I teach and research at the Economics Department of the University of Minho and NIPE, and am an evaluator expert for the European Commission (Research Executive Agency).

In the past, I worked in the Engineering Faculty of the University of Porto, in the Power Systems Unit of INESC Porto, in energy and carbon consulting companies, in the Portuguese Climate Delegation to the UNFCCC, and in the management of a nature conservation national park (National Park Peneda-Gerês).




Sousa, R. and Aguiar-Conraria, L. (2015). Energy and carbon prices: a comparison of interactions in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and the Western Climate Initiative market. Carbon Management 6(3-4): 129-140.

Sousa, R., Aguiar-Conraria, L. and Soares, M. J. (2014). Carbon financial markets: A time–frequency analysis of CO2 prices. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 414(0): 118-127.

Work in progress

Currently working in low carbon development scenarios, and in linking of national power systems.

Sousa, R., Mourão, I., Cavalheiro, G. and Santana, A. M. (2017). Low-Emission Energy Outlook in Small Island Developing States – The case of Sao Tome And Principe, NIPE working paper.

Sousa, R. and Gómez-Plana, A. G. (2015). International Trade in Renewable Energy with Cooperation Mechanisms: A CGE Analysis, NIPE working paper.

Teaching and supervising


I currently focus on Energy and Environmental Economics courses.
I am interested in supervising students working on energy and emissions pricing (trading, taxes, etc.), low carbon development, energy scenarios, low carbon scenarios and ecological macroeconomics. For other specific energy and climate change economics policy issues please contact me.



.Energy Economics (BSc. and MSc.) (since 2015)
.Energy and Environment Economics (MSc.) (since 2014) (shared – energy part)
.Public Finance (BSc.) (since 2014)
.Economics Topics (BSc.) (2017-2018)
.Macroeconomics (BSc.) (2017-2018)

Before 2017

. Economics and Environment (BSc.) (2015-2016)


At the MIT PhD Program of “Sustainable Energy Systems”:
. Introduction to Economics (Ph.D) (2011-2013)
. Econometrics (Ph.D) (2010-2012)
. Energy Economics (Ph.D) (2009-2010)
. Economics of Natural Resources and Environment (Ph.D) (2008-2009)


Other UM Courses:
. Economics of the Firm (MSc.) (2015-2017)
. Political Economics (BSc.) (2014-2016)
. Applied Statistics (BSc.) (2008-2014)
. Quantitative Methods (BSc.) (2009-2014)
. Statistic Techniques for Economics (BSc.) (2007-2008)
. Statistics Complements (BSc.) (2006-2007)


MSc. “Institutional carbon footprint – an application of the MC3 method to DST SA”, 2017, Bruno Veiga, University of Minho.


MSc. “Energy and Carbon: Relations between prices of natural gas, electricity, and carbon.”, 2013, Nuno Gonçalo da Silva Marques, Beira Interior University.


Monthly opinion column in Jornal Económico about energy and environmental economics (Portuguese)


Curriculum Vitae

OrcID: 0000-0002-0709-3399
Researcher id: J-4807-2016

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EEG UMinho







+351 253 601 383



University of Minho
School of Economics and Management
Department of Economics
Campus de Gualtar
4710 – 057 Braga