Hi, I’m Rita Sousa

I am interested in energy economics, environmental economics and climate change issues.

I hold a PhD in Climate Change and Sustainable Development Policies, with specialization in carbon mechanisms, an MSc in Economics and Policies of Energy and the Environment and a degree in Economics.
I work on carbon pricing mechanisms, on energy and low-carbon development scenarios at the national and local levels, and on modeling the linkage of renewable power systems. Currently, I teach and research at the Economics Department of the University of Minho and NIPE, and am an evaluator expert for the European Commission (Research Executive Agency).
In the past, I worked in the Engineering Faculty of the University of Porto, in the Power Systems Unit of INESC Porto, in energy and carbon consulting companies, in the Portuguese Climate Delegation to the UNFCCC, and in the management of a nature conservation national park (National Park Peneda-Gerês).




Sousa, R., Álvarez-Espinosa, A. C., Pardo, N. R., Leon, S. F. M., Otalora, G. R., Diaz, S. C., Vazão, C., Barata, P. M. & Salcedo, L. R. (2020). Emissions trading in the development model of Colombia. Climate Policy (TBA), 1-14.

Aguiar-Conraria, L., Soares, M. J., & Sousa, R. (2018). California’s carbon market and energy prices: a wavelet analysis. Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A, 376(2126), 20170256.

Sousa, R., Agante, E., Cerejeira, J., & Portela, M. (2018). EEE fees and the WEEE system – A model of efficiency and income in European countries. Waste management, 79, 770-780.

Sousa, R. and Aguiar-Conraria, L. (2015). Energy and carbon prices: a comparison of interactions in the European Union Emissions Trading Scheme and the Western Climate Initiative market. Carbon Management 6(3-4): 129-140.

Sousa, R., Aguiar-Conraria, L. and Soares, M. J. (2014). Carbon financial markets: A time–frequency analysis of CO2 prices. Physica A: Statistical Mechanics and its Applications 414(0): 118-127.

Work in progress

Currently working in low carbon development scenarios, and in linking of national power systems.

Sousa, R., Santana, A., & Mourão, I. (2017). Low-Emission Energy Outlook in a Small Island Developing States–The case of Sao Tome And Principe (No. 11/2017). NIPE-Universidade do Minho.

Sousa, R. and Gómez-Plana, A. G. (2015). International Trade in Renewable Energy with Cooperation Mechanisms: A CGE Analysis, NIPE working paper.

Teaching and supervising


I currently focus on Energy and Environmental Economics courses.
I am interested in supervising students working on energy and emissions pricing (trading, taxes, etc.), low carbon development, energy scenarios, low carbon scenarios and ecological macroeconomics. For other specific energy and climate change economics policy issues please contact me.



. Energy Economics (MSc.) (since 2015)
. Macroeconomics (BSc.) (since 2017)
. Public Finance (BSc.) (since 2014)
. Sustainable Development and Digital Transformation (since 2021)

Before 2020

. Economics of the Environment (BSc. and MSc.) (2018-2019)
. Economics and Environment (BSc.) (2015-2016)
. Energy Economics (BSc. and MSc.) (since 2015)
. Energy and Environment Economics (MSc.) (since 2014)


At the MIT PhD Program of “Sustainable Energy Systems”:
. Introduction to Economics (Ph.D) (2011-2013)
. Econometrics (Ph.D) (2010-2012)
. Energy Economics (Ph.D) (2009-2010)
. Economics of Natural Resources and Environment (Ph.D) (2008-2009)


Other UM Courses:
. Economics of the Firm (MSc.) (2015-2017)
. Political Economics (BSc.) (2014-2016)
. Applied Statistics (BSc.) (2008-2014)
. Quantitative Methods (BSc.) (2009-2014)
. Statistic Techniques for Economics (BSc.) (2007-2008)
. Statistics Complements (BSc.) (2006-2007)


MSc. “Economic analysis of the energy matrix – the case of renewable energies in Brazil”, 2018-2019, Maira Tanaka, University of Minho (work in progress).


MSc. “Analysis of generation and regulation of renewable electricity in Portugal”, 2018, Dário Dias, University of Minho.


MSc. “Institutional carbon footprint – an application of the MC3 method to DST SA”, 2017, Bruno Veiga, University of Minho.


MSc. “Energy and Carbon: Relations between prices of natural gas, electricity, and carbon.”, 2013, Nuno Gonçalo da Silva Marques, Beira Interior University.

Curriculum Vitae

OrcID: 0000-0002-0709-3399
Researcher id: J-4807-2016

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EEG UMinho







+351 253 601 383



University of Minho
School of Economics and Management
Department of Economics
Campus de Gualtar
4710 – 057 Braga